- Is it wrong for a revert to Islam to take a Muslim name? No.
- Is it permissible for a revert to Islam to take a Muslim name? Yes.
- Does a revert to Islam have to take a Muslim name? No.
- Should the revert to Islam be encouraged to take a Muslim name? Yes. There is no sin if a revert does not take a Muslim name, nor should reverts be pressured in any way to take a Muslim name; however, there is nothing wrong with encouraging converts to take a Muslim name either.
- Is there a need for the Muslim ummah to encourage a "diversity" of names? No. Granted, there are many "Muhammad's" and "Ali's" around the world, but there already is a great diversity of Muslim names in use around the world. Encouraging "diversity" in Muslim names is a red herring.
- By taking on a Muslim name, will a revert be considered a "fake Arab?" No. In my experience, the only people who equate all Muslims with being Arab are ignorant non-Muslims. (Only 18% of the entire Muslim population is Arab.)
- Is Muhammad Ali (Cassius Clay) a "fake Arab" because he took on a Muslim name? No.
- Is Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor) a "fake Arab" because he took on a Muslim name? No.
(I may add onto this list in the near future, insha'allah.
This argument strikes me as equivalent to saying "Chinese people cannot adopt English names; they may only use their given Chinese names." Which, if I told my told my Chinese colleagues and students (e.g., Pamela, Nigel, Louis, Kitty, Johnson, Eunice, Michelle, and so on) that, I'm sure they'd all have a hearty laugh.
A rose by any other name...